网站首页期刊简介编委会过刊目录投稿指南广告合作征订与发行联系我们English
旋轮拉轧工艺试验与有限元仿真
英文标题:Rotary wheel drawing rolling process test and finite element simulation
作者:王琛1 姚东方1 张斌凯1 田壮壮1 赵春江1 双远华2 
单位:1. 太原科技大学 机械工程学院 2. 太原科技大学 材料科学与工程学院 
关键词:旋轮拉轧 进给比 压下量 主轴转速 应力 
分类号:TG376
出版年,卷(期):页码:2023,48(4):86-94
摘要:

 旋轮拉轧工艺成形件的残余应力较大,严重影响其使用寿命。针对此问题,使用ABAQUS/Explicit对旋轮拉轧过程进行有限元分析,采用单因素控制法,以Q235钢为研究对象,建立了旋轮拉轧的有限元数值模型,分析了应力形成过程及其分布规律,并且探究了不同进给比、压下量以及主轴转速对成形件三向残余应力的影响规律。通过试验数据与仿真结果对比,验证了仿真设置的准确性。结果表明:在旋轮拉轧过程中,旋轮与管坯接触处的应力最大,变形区的轴向应力表现为拉应力,切向应力表现为拉应力与压应力交替出现,径向应力表现为压应力;轧后成形件的三向(轴向、切向、径向)残余应力随着进给比、压下量以及主轴转速的增大而增大;仿真结果与试验结果之间的误差小于5%,从而验证了模拟结果的可靠性。

 The residual stress of part formed by rotary wheel drawing rolling process is relatively large, which seriously affects its service life. Therefore, in order to solve this problem, the finite element analysis of rotary wheel drawing rolling process was conducted by using ABAQUS/Explicit, and for Q235 steel, the finite element numerical model of rotary wheel drawing rolling was established by single factor control method. Then, the formation process of stress and its distribution law were analyzed, and the influence laws of different feeding ratios, reduction amounts and main spindle rotation speeds on the triaxial residual stresses of formed parts were investigated. Furthermore, by comparing the test data with the simulation results, the accuracy of the simulation settings was verified. The results show that during the rotary wheel drawing rolling process, the stress at the contact point between rotary wheel and tube blank is the largest, the axial stress in the deformation zone is expressed as tensile stress, the tangential stress is expressed as tensile stress and compressive stress alternately, and the radial stress is expressed as compressive stress. The triaxial residual stresses(axial, tangential and radial directions) of formed parts after rolling increase with the increasing of feeding ratio, reduction amount and main spindle rotation speed. The error between the simulation and test results is less than 5%, which verifies the reliability of the simulation results. 

基金项目:
太原科技大学科研启动基金资助(20202076);山西省基础研究计划资助项目(202103021223275);山西省优秀来晋博士科研资助项目(20212059);太原科技大学大学生创新项目(XJ2022060)
作者简介:
作者简介:王琛(1986-),男,博士,讲师 E-mail:wangc1215@163.com
参考文献:

 
[1]周吉, 程松,王浩林,等.金属旋压加工工艺的研究
[J].上海电气技术,2012,5(1):6-11.


Zhou J, Cheng S, Wang H L, et al. Research on metal spinning process
[J]. Shanghai Electric Technology,2012,5(1):6-11.


[2]Yang Z Z, Xu W C, Zhang W Q, et al. Effect of power spinning and heat treatment on microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of duplex low-cost titanium alloy
[J].Journal of Materials Science & Technology, 2023, 36: 121-139.


[3]郭亚明, 徐恒秋,薛秀琴,等.2A12铝合金薄壁壳体强力旋压成形工艺
[J].锻压技术,2021,46(5):143-150.

Guo Y M, Xu H Q, Xue X Q, et al. Strong spinning forming process of 2A12 aluminum alloy thin-walled shell
[J]. Forging & Stamping Technology,2021,46(5):143-150.


[4]贾岩峰, 樊文欣,魏悦,等.滑动轴承二道次错距旋压过程中残余应力的研究
[J].塑性工程学报,2020,27(8):186-192.

Jia Y F, Fan W X, Wei Y, et al. Study on residual stress of sliding bearing during two-pass offset spinning
[J]. Journal of Plasticity Engineering,2020,27(8):186-192.


[5]杨锋, 朱小兵,钟茵,等.基于Vague集的强力旋压工艺参数优化
[J].锻压技术,2021,46(1):110-115.

Yang F, Zhu X B, Zhong Y, et al. Optimization of high strength spinning process parameters based on vague set
[J]. Forging & Stamping Technology, 2021, 46(1):110-115.


[6]方秀荣, 邵艳茹,陆佳,等.锻造工艺参数对TC4钛合金锻件残余应力的影响
[J].锻压技术,2021,46(3):1-8.

Fang X R, Shao Y R, Lu J, et al. Effect of forging process parameters on residual stresses in TC4 titanium alloy forgings
[J]. Forging & Stamping Technology, 2021, 46(3):1-8.


[7]写旭, 韩冬,尚勇,等.带环向内筋筒形件旋压成形工艺试验及缺陷分析
[J].航天制造技术,2022,(5):62-65.

Xie X, Han D, Shang Y, et al. Spinning process test and defect analysis of cylindrical parts with annular inner reinforcement
[J]. Aerospace Manufacturing Technology, 2022,(5):62-65.


[8]徐晓, 张川洋,肖刚锋,等.薄壁深杯形件多工艺复合旋压成形机理研究
[J].华南理工大学学报:自然科学版,2022,50(9):109-115.

Xu X, Zhang C Y, Xiao G F, et al. Research on multi-process composite spinning forming mechanism of thin-walled deep cup parts
[J]. Journal of South China University of Technology:Natural Science Edition, 2022, 50(9):109-115.


[9]王全景, 汤爱君,赵文波.基于Taguchi方法和PSO算法的强力旋压参数分析与优化
[J].锻压技术,2022,47(4):150-155.

Wang Q J, Tang A J, Zhao W B. Analysis and optimization of strong spinning parameters based on taguchi method and PSO algorithm
[J]. Forging & Stamping Technology, 2022, 47(4):150-155.


[10]Wang Y, Zhang X. Experimental study on the residual stress of the power spinning rod bushing with main technological parameters
[J]. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2020, 20:283-294.


[11]Bai Q F, Ouyang C Y, Wang R, et al. Effects of power spinning on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Fe-based alloy coating fabricated by laser cladding
[J]. Transactions of The Indian Institute of Metals, 2022, 75:1451-1459.


[12]夏琴香, 江鹏,龙锦川,等.内筋参数对镁合金带内筋筒形件热强旋成形材料流动的影响
[J].塑性工程学报,2022,29(2):1-7.

Xia Q X, Jiang P, Long J C, et al. Effect of internal reinforcement parameters on material flow in hot strength spinning tubular parts of magnesium alloy with internal reinforcement
[J]. Journal of Plasticity Engineering, 2022, 29(2):1-7.


[13]Li W Z, Xu Y W, Wang C, et al. Preparation and forming mechanism of ultratnin-walled Ni-Cu alloy tubes with submicrometer structures by ball spinning
[J]. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2022, 121: 5427-5437.


[14]Zhao C J, Li G H, Xiong J. A quasi-dynamic model for high-speed ball spinning
[J]. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2018, 97: 2447-2460.


[15]张麦仓, 董建新,曾燕屏,等.Q235低碳钢高温变形过程的动态组织演化分析
[J].北京科技大学学报,2005,27(2):183-186,196.

Zhang M C, Dong J X, Zeng Y P, et al. Dynamic microstructure evolution analysis of Q235 low carbon steel during high temperature deformation
[J]. Journal of University of Science and Technology Beijing, 2005,27(2):183-186, 196.


[16]杨霄峰, 田禾,薛涛,等.单面电阻点焊中预压力对Q235钢板焊点性能影响的研究
[J].热加工工艺,2019,48(15):158-161,163.

Yang X F, Tian H, Xue T, et al. Study on effect of prepressure on welding performance of Q235 steel plate in single-side resistance spot welding
[J]. Hot Working Technology, 2019, 48(15):158-161, 163.


[17]杨锋, 樊文欣,李涵,等.基于ABAQUS连杆衬套强力旋压残余应力研究
[J].塑性工程学报,2018,25(3):96-101.

Yang F, Fan W X, Li H, et al. Study on the residual stress of ABAQUS connecting rod bushing based on strong rotary wheel
[J]. Journal of Plasticity Engineering, 2018, 25(3):96-101.


[18]郭福林, 李萍,钱陈豪,等.筒形件强力旋压工艺模拟及实验研究
[J].精密成形工程,2010,2(5):13-16.

Guo F L, Li P, Qian C H, et al. Simulation and experimental study on strong spinning process of cylindrical parts
[J]. Precision Forming Engineering, 2010, 2(5):13-16.


[19]何阳. 钛合金筒形件强力旋压成形研究
[D].西安:长安大学,2015.

He Y. Research on Strong Spinning Forming of Titanium Alloy Cylindrical Parts
[D]. Xi′an: Chang′an University, 2015.


[20]陈东宝. 强力旋压连杆衬套残余应力仿真及试验研究
[D].太原:中北大学,2017.

Chen D B. Simulation and Experimental Study on Residual Stress of Strong Spinning Rod Bushing
[D]. Taiyuan: North University of China, 2017.
服务与反馈:
本网站尚未开通全文下载服务】【加入收藏
《锻压技术》编辑部版权所有

中国机械工业联合会主管 北京机电研究所有限公司 中国机械工程学会塑性工程分会主办
联系地址:北京市海淀区学清路18号 邮编:100083
电话:+86-010-82415085 传真:+86-010-62920652
E-mail: fst@263.net(稿件) dyjsjournal@163.com(广告)
京ICP备07007000号-9